The introduction of the microscope started a new era in precise and atraumatic periodontal surgery. Periodontal microsurgery has many advantages:
-Minimal invasive surgical procedures
-Accelerated wound healing, which is a very important aspect in periodontal plastic surgery.
-Preservation of the soft tissue
Periodontal surgeries include removal of gummy smile, gingivoplasty, gingivectomy, flap surgery, gingival graft, frenectomy, gingival recontouring, removal of dark gum (gingival) tissue etc.